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System status: transform over time and perception from flameSystem status: transform over time and perception from flame

System status: transform over time and perception from flame

Feeling from flame towards the plants

In 2009, the respective vegetation cover of the intact and burnt area was significantly different (F4,20 = , P < 0.001; Fig. ? Fig.1). 1 ). Thus, although vegetation appeared to have grown since the 2003 fire, the burnt area was still very different from the unburnt area in 2009. The intact area was relatively closed, with abundant trees and shrubs (Fig. ? (Fig.1), 1 ), notably oaks, umbrella pines and thick shrub maquis (e.g. heather, Erica arborea). In comparison, the vegetation was more open in the burnt area and mostly represented by little shrubs (e.g. Cistus monspeliensis) and herbaceous material, with a relatively modest tree cover. Based on the 7500 m 2 surface assessed in each area, the intact habitat contained 14 large pine trees on average, providing a canopy surface of 3665 m 2 (272 ± 125 m 2 per tree). In the burnt area, there were only four pine trees per 7500 m 2 on average, representing a mean canopy surface of 107 m 2 (27 ± 8 m 2 per tree). In both areas, thick shrubs were abundant and provided abundant shelter for tortoises.

Suggest and step 1 SE (mistake pubs) commission safeguards of fundamental plant life sizes (highest trees with a crown large than 8 yards, smaller timber) and you may unlock surface (herbaceous point, zero plants) for undamaged (grey taverns) and burnt habitats (black taverns) in ’09, 6 decades pursuing the 2003 fire. (more…)